If you have a deep affection for dogs and a flair for grooming, embarking on a career as a professional dog groomer might be your perfect calling. Dog grooming goes beyond just making our canine companions look fabulous; it’s about ensuring their health, comfort, and overall well-being. In this comprehensive guide, we will take you through the essential steps to become a successful dog groomer, covering education, training, certification, building skills, and launching your grooming career with confidence.

Are you the happiest person in the world when you’re brushing your dog’s hair? Do you love to give your good boy a bath? Does a clean dog make you happy? Dog grooming might be your calling. But how do you become a dog groomer?

Dog groomers are having a moment thanks to Instagram. There are over two million posts with the tag #doggrooming and a quick perusal will make your heart leap with joy as you see cute dogs and even cuter before and after pics.

Katy Perry’s dog groomer, Jess Rona, has a viral Instagram account and became famous for her music video shoot with Tegan and Sara. She now makes up to $6,000 a week.

There’s more to dog grooming than just fluffing a floof. Here’s what you need to know about getting started as a dog groomer.


Options for Dog Groomer Training

Unlike a cosmetologist or hairstylist, there is no license for dog grooming. But there are ways to get trained in the art of dog grooming.

Take an online course

QC Pet Studies has an online course that shows you the basics, from grooming career opportunities to an overview of dog anatomy, maintenance of hair and skin, discussions about dog behavior and temperament, and other practical advice.

It’s like an online textbook for potential dog groomers and contains good information, but it’s expensive ($1598!). In many cases, it’s likely more practical to get hands-on dog grooming experience.

Go to a dog grooming school.

The National Dog Groomers Association of America offers in-person certificate training courses. Their workshop and certification program is held around the country.

Workshops have four major sections: orientation, breed demonstrations, stripping, thinning, and carding (techniques for dealing with different dog hair), and patterns (line placements on specific breeds).

After attending a workshop you can test (with a live animal) and get certified.

Get on-the-job training.

It’s one thing to read about grooming a dog. It’s quite another to face an excited, giant floofball while you’re holding a pair of shears. Melissa Graham, a dog groomer based in South Dakota and a member of Dudes with Dogs on Facebook, says, “There are schools, but some have hands-on training, some do not. I feel that having hands-on training is best. You always have room to learn and grow.”

Learning how to calm nervous dogs is just part of the job. “When I began, I had to learn how to bathe and dry dogs, and do light trims,” she says.

After six months at her first job at a local shop, she bought dog grooming books and practiced on her own animals and those of family and friends. “I had to learn how to have patience with the animals and the owners,” she adds. Eventually, she started her own grooming business out of her home.

Before you get into grooming, don’t expect it to be all wagging, fluffy tails. Graham says she has seen dogs in poor health, brought in under heartbreaking conditions.

The worst is “seeing animals so matted that they can hardly move. Seeing animals that should be let go yet people don’t want to,” she says. One dog even died in her arms due to prior health conditions. “I have seen animals in pain. It is not for the faint of heart.”

What Groomers Need to Learn

There’s more to it than just learning how to put bows in a Maltese’s hair—though that’s important, too!

Breed information

One major part of dog grooming writes Arielle Pardes, is learning about dogs’ anatomy and their breeding history. “For example, poodles were bred to be sporting and hunting dogs. You know those pom-poms on their hips? Those are designed to keep their joints warm in cold water.”

Coat care varies by breed, as do common haircut styles, like these popular four cuts for Goldendoodles.

CPR and first aid

Regular folks can learn animal CPR via the American Red Cross’ 35-minute online course. The course teaches you how to check for vital signs, do preventative care, and provide first aid to dogs and cats “for the most severe emergencies.”

That’s because, as Graham noted, some dogs come to the groomers in health distress.

Read More: The Ultimate Guide: How to Groom a Dog

Stripping, thinning, and carding (oh my!)

Carding is the removal of undercoat from a dog’s coat, often used in pugs, Chihuahuas, Labs, cocker spaniels, and setters.

Stripping and thinning is a similar but different technique used to remove excess hair from dogs that have two coats (the undercoat and top coat). In this case, hand-stripping removes excess hair from the top coat, pulling from the roots. This is more necessary for dogs with coarse coats like schnauzers. For some dogs, they may use thinning shears.


As with humans, there’s an art that’s almost mathematical to cutting hair. Each officially recognized dog breed has a certain pattern considered proper for the breed—e.g. the iconic cuts for poodles and schnauzers.

At the NDAA, their courses cover “correct line placements on terrier and sporting breeds, as well as correct feet, ears, and heads. We will also touch on how to … achieve the proper poodle topknot.”

According to Play Bark Run, there are 31 different grooming styles and trims for breeds. It’s a lot!

Dog Grooming Jobs

Unless you run your own business or work in higher-end salons, dog grooming is not a high-wage profession. According to the Houston Chronicle, the average salary is $22,710, but it’s expected to be a growth industry (22 percent in the next decade), which is ahead of the curve. Dog lovers really love their dogs and are learning to treat them even better.

Small business and boutique groomers

You might have the skills to turn dogs into beauty queens, but starting your own business is more than just a pair of shears. Graham says that equipment can run as much as $20K, noting that the clippers, dryer, table, and tub are all expensive. While dog grooming “is not a business that you are going to get rich in,” says Graham, the rewards can be high. “Many groomers do it because of the love of animals and wanting to help them look and feel better.”

In-home grooming

Mobile or in-home grooming has become more popular in recent years. Dogs stressed out by traveling to a strange place often do better when a groomer comes to them. Mobile groomers travel to a client’s home, which can be a great opportunity for more independence and income for a moderately experienced groomer.

Pet store chains

Big chains might not prep poodles for the Westminster Dog Show, but that’s where majority of pet parents will go to get a dog bathed, trimmed, and freshened up from the ears to the anal glands. Many groomers get started working for big box stores. It can be a good place to get experience, with a trainee program for newbies.

Step 1: Develop a Passion for Dogs

A genuine love for dogs is the foundation of a successful career as a dog groomer. Spend time with different dog breeds, learn about their unique characteristics, and observe their behavior. Understanding and empathizing with dogs will not only make the grooming process more enjoyable but also help you address their specific needs and anxieties.

Step 2: Obtain Relevant Education and Training

While formal education is not always required, enrolling in a reputable dog grooming school or certification program is highly beneficial. These programs cover grooming techniques, dog anatomy, skin and coat care, breed-specific grooming, and handling dogs safely. Additionally, some programs provide hands-on experience, giving you valuable practical skills.

Step 3: Gain Practical Experience

Practical experience is invaluable in the dog grooming industry. Consider starting as a grooming assistant or working in a pet-related business to learn from experienced groomers. This hands-on experience will teach you how to handle dogs of all sizes and temperaments, as well as expose you to various grooming challenges.

Step 4: Obtain Dog Grooming Certification

While certification is not mandatory, becoming a certified dog groomer can boost your credibility and attract more clients. Organizations like the National Dog Groomers Association of America (NDGAA) and International Professional Groomers, Inc. (IPG) offer certification programs. These certifications demonstrate your commitment to professionalism and adherence to industry standards.

Step 5: Hone Your Grooming Skills

As a dog groomer, mastering grooming techniques is essential. Practice grooming on different breeds, experiment with various cuts and styles, and stay updated on grooming trends. Attend workshops, seminars, and industry events to learn from experts and improve your skills continuously.

Step 6: Establish Your Dog Grooming Business

Decide whether you want to work for an established grooming salon, pet spa, or start your own business. If you choose to run your business, create a detailed business plan outlining your services, target market, pricing, and marketing strategies. Ensure you comply with local business regulations and obtain any necessary licenses or permits.

Step 7: Invest in Quality Equipment

To deliver top-notch grooming services, invest in high-quality grooming equipment, such as clippers, shears, brushes, nail trimmers, and grooming tables. Well-maintained tools not only ensure efficient grooming but also contribute to the safety and comfort of the dogs you groom.

Step 8: Focus on Customer Service

Excellent customer service is crucial for building a loyal clientele. Be attentive to your clients’ preferences, communicate effectively, and establish a professional and welcoming atmosphere in your grooming salon. Building strong relationships with your clients will lead to repeat business and positive word-of-mouth referrals.

Step 9: Prioritize Pet Safety and Well-being

The safety and well-being of the dogs in your care should be your utmost priority. Stay vigilant for signs of discomfort or health issues during grooming sessions and handle dogs with patience and care. Use pet-friendly products and ensure a safe and sanitary grooming environment.

Step 10: Market Your Dog Grooming Services

Effectively market your dog grooming services to reach potential clients. Create a professional website, use social media platforms to showcase your grooming work, and collaborate with local pet businesses or veterinarians for referrals. Consider offering promotions or discounts to attract new customers.


Becoming a dog groomer is a fulfilling journey that requires a blend of passion, education, skill, and dedication. By following this complete guide, you’ll be equipped to start your dog grooming career confidently. Remember that building trust with both dogs and their owners is essential for success in this industry. Embrace your love for dogs, invest in education and continuous improvement, and offer exceptional grooming services, and you’ll pave the way for a rewarding and prosperous career as a dog groomer.


Leave a comment